আপুনি বাৰু Class 10 English Chapter 2 Question Answer বা Nelson Mandela Question Answer বিচাৰি আছে নেকি? তেন্তে চিন্তাৰ কোনো কাৰণ নাই, আজি আমি আপোনালোকৰ বাবে Class 10 English Chapter 2 Question Answer লৈ আহিছোঁ।
ইয়াৰ ওপৰিও যদি আপুনি Class 10 English Chapter 1 Question Answer পঢ়িব খোজে লগতে Class 10 English Grammar পঢ়িব খোজে তেন্তে তলত দিয়া লিংকৰ জৰিয়তে English Grammar ৰ প্ৰয়োজনীয় সকলো অধ্যায় পঢ়িব পাৰিব।
- You Can Also Read:
- Class 12 Tense Correction for Final Exam [2001 – 2022]
Class 10 English Chapter 2 Question Answer 2023 Final Exam
- Class 10 English Chapter 2 Question Answer 2023 Final Exam
- Thinking About the Text [Page No. 24]
- Thinking About Language
- Speaking [Pane No. 26]
- Writing [Page No. 26-28]
ওপৰত উল্লেখ কৰা মতে আজি আমি আপোনালোকৰ সৈতে Class 10 English Chapter 2 Question Answer আলোচনা কৰিব গৈ আছো। এই লিখনিৰ জৰিয়তে আমি আপোনালোকৰ বাবে পাঠ্যপুথিত উল্লেখিত সকলো প্ৰশ্ন উত্তৰ দিয়াৰ ওপৰিও পৰীক্ষাৰ বাবে আমি নানা ধৰণৰ প্ৰশ্ন উত্তৰ ইয়াত সংযোগ কৰিছো
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Nelson Mandela MCQ 2023
1. How does Nelson Mandela define the meaning of courage?
(A) Triumph over fear
(B) Triumph over love
(C) Triumph over selfish
(D) Triumph over poverty
Ans: (A) Triumph over fear
2. Why is it easy to learn to love?
(A) Because it comes naturally
(B) Because they are fewer in number
(C) Because you have the will to do this.
(D) None of the Above
Ans: (A) Because it comes naturally
3. I’ here refers to:
(D) Nelson Mandela
Ans: (D) Nelson Mandela
4. Full name of Nelson Mandela was…….
(A) Nelson Morken Mandela
(B) Nelson Herchelle Mandela
(C) Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
(D) Nelson Butcher Mandela
Ans : (C) Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
5. On which day Nelson Mandela took oath as President of South Africa?
(A) 10th March
(B) 10th May
(C) 10th June
(D) 10 January
Ans : (B) 10th May
6. Why other Nations discontinued relations with South Africa before Nelson’s struggle for apartheid?
(A) Home war
(B) Racial discrimination
(C) Political instability
(D) Colonial Rule
Ans: (B) Racial discrimination
7. Here people are compared with
(A) Minerals and Gems
Ans: (A) Minerals and Gems
8. What brought international leaders to South Africa?
(D) End of Apartheid
Ans: (D) End of Apartheid
9. A prisoner of hatred takes away
(B) Freedom of man
(D) All of the above
Ans: (B) Freedom of man
10. Which flame can be hidden but not extinguished as per Mandela?
Ans: (A) Goodness
11. Depths of oppression create
(B) Heights of character
Ans: (B) Heights of character
12. Choose the name of Mandela’s party?
(A) African National Congress
(B) US National Congress
(C) Indian National Congress
(D) Didn’t join any party
Ans: (A) African National Congress
13. Where did ceremonies take place?
(A) Sandstone amphitheater
(B) New amphitheater
(C) Opera house
(D) None of the above
Ans: (A) Sandstone amphitheater
14. Number of deputy presidents elected are –
Ans: (A) Four
15. Why did Mandela put freedom for the country before freedom for the family?
(A) Felt the pain of his citizens
(B) Impact of apartheid during prison days
(C) Had an Anti-Western mindset
(D) Had less love for family
Ans: (A) Felt the pain of his citizens
16. How many National Song(s) were sung during oath ceremony?
Ans: (C) Two
17. In his long speech, what does Nelson Mandela say about decades-old brutality against blacks in Africa?
(A) Isolated Africa from West
(B) Came closer to starvation
(C) Flame of revolution rose
(D) Created supernatural courage, wisdom & generosity
Ans: (D) Created supernatural courage, wisdom & generosity
18. In whom Nelson Mandela had seen a glimpse of humanity?
Ans: (A) Guard
19. Choose the name who fought with Mandela against Racism?
(A) Chief Luthuli
(B) Bram Fischer
(C) Robert Sobukwe
(D) All of the above
Ans: (D) All of the above
20. What is “Apartheid”?
(A) Racial discrimination in the political system
(B) Freedom movement in S. Africa
(C) Oath ceremony of Nelson Mandela
(D) None of the above.
Ans: (A) Racial discrimination in the political system
21. What does “White Supremacy” mean by the author?
(A) White Amphitheatre
(B) Domination of white people in Society
(C) Domination of white people in Politics
(D) Treat every color people the same
Ans: (B) Domination of white people in Society
22. The desire for freedom of the people transformed:
(A) an animal into a man
(B) a frightened leader into a minister
(C) a frightened young man into a bold one
(D) a man into a woman
Ans: (C) a frightened young man into a bold one
23. According to Mandela, what is the greatest wealth of a nation?
Ans: (D) people
24. The word ‘curtailed’ means:
Ans: (C) reduced
25. What comes more naturally to the heart according to Mandela?
Ans: (C) love
26. The freedom of the author, who was black was:
Ans: (A) curtailed
27. A man who takes away another man’s freedom is
(B) a prisoner of hatred
Ans: (B) a prisoner of hatred
28. The inauguration was to celebrate the installation of:
(A) South Africa’s first capitalist govt.
(B) South Africa’s first democratic govt.
(C) South Africa’s first communist govt
(D) none of the above
Ans: (B) South Africa’s first democratic govt.
29. What pledge Nelson Mandela took on 10th May 1994 and asked people also to pledge?
(A) To continue the fight against the rotten political system
(B) Liberate people from suffering, poverty, and discrimination
(C) To live and let live for white people
(D) To pray for god for S. Africa
Ans: (B) Liberate people from suffering, poverty, and discrimination
30. What diplomatic things did What does Mandela say in his speech on the Western Countries?
(A) Racial policies framed by white people on dark-skinned people
(B) Physical harassment by white people in entire Africa
(C) Keeping South African people away from their own democratic rights
(D) All of the above
Ans: (D) All of the above
31. To whom Nelson Mandela wanted to say “Special thanks” in his speech but could not do it?
(A) African Patriots
(B) African Army
(C) African Politicians
(D) Western Nations for giving special status to S. Africa
Ans: (A) African Patriots
Oral Comprehension Check – 1 [Page No. 18]
1) Where did the ceremonies take place ? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of sandstone ?
Ans: The ceremonies took place in the lovely sandstone amphitheatre. It was formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria. These are : the Red Fort, Jama Masjid, North and South Blocks, Parliament House etc.
2) Can you say how 10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa ?
Or Why is 10th May 1994 important for South Africa ? (CBSE 2012)
Ans: It is because of weather and the dawning of freedom after about 300 years of white rule. It is also important because of the freedom.
3) At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions ‘an extraordinary human disaster’. What does he mean by this ? What is the ‘glorious … human achievement’ he speaks of at the end ?
Ans: By this he means the white rule in South Africa over the blacks. It lasted very long. It was really a disaster of white men ruling over the black.
‘The glorious…human achievement’ is getting political independence from the white rule by the black natives.
4) What does Mandela thank the international leaders for ?
Ans: He thanks the international leaders for coming to take possession with the native people of South Africa. It is a common victory for justice, peace and human dignity.
5) What ideals does he set out for the future of South Africa ?
Ans: He sets out the ideals of liberating his people from various bondages. These are of poverty, deprivation, suffering, gender and other discriminations.
Oral Comprehension Check – 1 [Page No. 21]
1) What do the military generals do ? How has their attitude changed, and why ?
Ans: The military generals discharge their duties. They owe allegiance to their country. They do their duties as per the military provisions.
Their attitude has now changed. They care more for personal gains than their true duties as per the defence rules.
2) Why were two national anthems sung ?
Ans: Two national anthems were sung as there were two main communities or races. One was of the whites and the other of the blacks. Secondly, the anthem of the whites was the anthem of the old republic.
3) How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country
(i) in the first decade, and (ii) in the final decade, of the twentieth century ?
Ans: Mandela describe the systems of government in his country as follows –
i) In the first decade of the twentieth century the whites of South Africa patched up their differences. They built a system of racial domination against the black people of their own land.
ii) In the last decade their system had been overturned forever. It was replaced by another. It recognised the rights and freedoms of all people regardless of their skin colour.
4) What does courage mean to Mandela ?
Ans: By courage Mandela means not the absence of fear but the triumph over it.
5) Which does he think is natural, to love or to hate ?
Ans: He thinks that love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite hate.
Oral Comprehension Check – 1 [Page No. 24]
1) What ‘twin obligations’ does Mandela mention ?
Ans: He mentions the twin obligations. One, obligations to his family, his parents, his wife and children. Second, obligations to his people, his community and his country.
2) What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy, and as a student ? How does he contrast these ‘transitory freedoms’ with ‘the basic and honourable freedoms’ ?
What did ‘being free’ mean to Mandela as a boy and as a student ? (CBSE 2012)
Ans: As a boy Mandela meant by being free to wander in the fields near his hut. It was to swim, to run through the village. Also it was to roast mealies at night and to ride the bulls.
As a student he meant to be free to stay out at night. It was to read what he pleased to read and to go where he chose. It was also to be as per his potential.
These were the ‘transitory freedoms’. But the “basic and honourable freedoms’ were the freedoms for the people. These were to live with dignity and self-respect.
3)Does Mandela think the oppressor is free ? Why/Why not ?
Ans: Mandela thinks that the, oppressor is not free like the oppressed. A person who takes away another man’s freedom is a prisoner of hatred. He is locked in prejudice and narrow-mindedness.
Thinking About the Text [Page No. 24]
1) Why did such a large number of international leaders attend the inauguration ? What did it signify the triumph of ?
Ans: A large number of international leaders attended the inauguration to pay their respects. It signified the triumph of human freedom and democracy. It also signified the importance of political independence.
2) What does Mandela mean when he says he is ‘simply the sum of all those African patriots’ who had gone before him ? (CBSE 2012)
Ans: The author means that like those patriots he also felt the great need of political independence of the country. Like them he also underwent tortures by the whites in his own country.
3) Would you agree that the ‘depths of oppression’ create ‘heights of character’ ? How does Mandela illustrate this ? Can you add your own examples to this argument ? (CBSE 2012)
Ans: It is a fact that the more one is oppressed, the more one becomes strong in character. Mandela says that the decades of oppression and brutality produced many patriots. They were like Oliver Tambos, Walter Sisulus, Chief Luthulis, Yusuf Dadoos etc.
More examples from my own side sire here. These are of Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal – Nehru, Sdrdar Patel, Lokmanya Tilak, Subhash Chander Bose, Bhagat Singh etc.
4) How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience ?
Ans: First Mandela thought of personal freedom like doing what one liked. But as he grew up he started understanding freedom as indivisible. It is also of his own men. He thought of freedom for all his own people more important than anything else.
5) How did Mandela’s ‘hunger for freedom’ change his life ? (CBSE 2012)
Ans: Mandela’s ‘hunger for freedom’ changed him into a great man, a statesman and a visionary. He worked day and night for it. He underwent physical and mental tortures. It was for obtaining freedom for his own people.
Thinking About Language
I. There are nouns in the text (formation, government) which are formed from the corresponding verbs form, govern) by suffixing—(at) ion or ment. There may be a change in the spelling of some verb-noun pairs :
|rebel, rebellion ; constitute, constitution|
1) Make a list of such pairs of nouns and verbs in the text.
2) Read the paragraph below. Fill in the blanks with the noun forms of the verbs in brackets.
|Martin Luther King’s ………. (contribute) to our history as an outstanding leader began when he came to the ………. (assist) of Rosa Parks, a seamstress who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. In those days American Blacks were confined to positions of second class citizenship by restrictive laws and customs. To break these laws would mean ………. (subjugate) and ………. (humiliate) by the police and the legal system. Beatings, (imprison) and sometimes death awaited those who defied the System. Martin Luther King’s tactics of protest involved non-violent ………. (resist) to racial injustice|
Ans: Martin Luther King’s contribution to our history as an outstanding leader began when he came to the assistance of Rosa Parks, a seamstress who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. In those days American Blacks were confined to positions of second class citizenship by restrictive laws and customs. To break these laws would mean subjugation and humiliation by the police and the legal system. Beatings, imprisonment and sometimes death awaited those who defied the System. Martin Luther King’s tactics of protest involved non-violent resistance to racial injustice.
II. Using the Definite Article with Names
Here are some more examples of ‘the’ used with proper names. Try to say what these sentences mean. (You may consult a dictionary if you wish; look at the entry for ‘the’.)
1. Mr Singh regularly invites the Amitabh Bachchans and the Shah Rukh Khans to his parties.
Ans: This implies that Mr. Singh regularly invites prominent personalities of caliber such as Mr. Amitabh Bachchan and Mr. Shah Rukh Khan to his parties.
2. Many people think that Madhuri Dixit is the Madhubala of our times.
Ans: This implies that in the current generation, Madhuri Dixit is compared to the great actress, Madhubala.
3. History is not only the story of the Alexanders, the Napoleons and the Hitlers, but of the ordinary people as well.
Ans: This means history is not only the story of great fighers such as Alexander, Napoleon or Hitler, but also of other ordinary people.
III. Idiomatic Expressions
Match the italicised phrases in column A with the phrase nearest in meaning in column B. (Hint: First look for the sentence in the text in which the phrase in column A occurs.)
Speaking [Pane No. 26]
1. In groups, discuss the issues suggested in the box below. Then prepare a speech of about two minutes on the following topic (First make notes for your speech in writing.)
True liberty is freedom from poverty, deprivation and all forms of discrimination.
- causes of poverty and means of overcoming it
- discrimination based on gender, religion, class, etc.
- constitutionally guaranteed human rights
Ans: Activity to be done by yourself.
Writing [Page No. 26-28]
I. Looking at Contrasts
Nelson Mandela’s writing is marked by balance : many sentences have two parts in balance.
Use the following phrases to complete the sentences given below.
- they can be taught to love
- I was born free.
- but the triumph over it.
- but he who conqures that fear
- to creat such heights of character
1) It requires such depths of oppression …………………
Ans: It requires such depths of oppression (v) to create such heights of character.
2) Courage was not the absence of fear ……………………
Ans: Courage was not the absence of fear (iii) but the triumph over it.
3) The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid ……………………
Ans: The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid (iv) but he who conquers that fear.
4) If people can learn to hate ………………………
Ans: If people can learn to hate (i) they can be taught to love.
5) I was not born with a hunger to be free …………………
Ans: I was not born with a hunger to be free. (ii) I was born free.
II. This text repeatedly contrasts the past with the present or the future. We can use coordinated clauses to contrast two views, for emphasis or effect. Given below are sentences carrying one part of the contrast. Find in the text the second part of the contrast, and complete each item. Identify the words which signal the contrast. This has been done for you in the first item.
1. For decades the Union Buildings had been the seat of white supremacy, and now ______
Ans: For decades the Union Buildings had been the seat of white supremacy, and now it was the site of a rainbow gathering of different colours and nations for the installation of South Africa’s first democratic, non-racial government.
2. Only moments before, the highest generals of the South African defence force and police … saluted me and pledged their loyalty. … not so many years before they would not have saluted ______
Ans: Only moments before, the highest generals of the South African defence force and police … saluted me and pledged their loyalty. … not so many years before they would not have saluted but arrested me.
3. Although that day neither group knew the lyrics of the anthem … they would soon ______
Ans: Although that day neither group knew the lyrics of the anthem …, they would soon know the words by heart.
4. My country is rich in the minerals and gems that lie beneath its soil, ______
Ans: My country is rich in the minerals and gems that lie beneath its soil, but I have always known that its greatest wealth is its people, finer and truer than the purest diamonds.
5. The Air Show was not only a display of pinpoint precision and military force, but ______
Ans: The Air Show was not only a display of pinpoint precision and military force, but a demonstration of the military’s loyalty to democracy, to a new government that had been freely and fairly elected.
6. It was this desire for the freedom of my people … that transformed ______ into a bold one, that drove ______ to become a criminal, that turned ______ into a man without a home.
Ans: It was this desire for the freedom of my people … that transformed a frightened young man into a bold one, that drove a law-abiding attorney to become a criminal, that turned a family-loving husband into a man without a home.