Hey Everyone! Welcome to another important article “The Last Lesson Question Answer” from the Assamese Medium website for the student of Class 12. Here in this article, we are going to discuss the important question answer from Class 12 English Chapter 1 “The Last Lesson “. So, without delay, let’s get started.
“The Last Lesson” is a short story by Alphonse Daudet that highlights the importance of language and the consequences of taking it for granted. The story is set in a small village in Alsace-Lorraine, where the locals have been forced to learn German after France’s defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. The protagonist, Franz, is a young student who is about to miss his last French lesson due to his laziness and disregard for his mother tongue. However, on this particular day, Franz’s teacher, Monsieur Hamel, announces that it is the last French lesson as the Germans have now banned the language. The students and villagers are devastated, realizing too late the importance of their language and culture. The story ends with Franz regretting his past behaviour and promising to always cherish his language and never take it for granted again. The story serves as a reminder to value our language and culture and to never forget the importance of preserving it for future generations.
The Last Lesson Question Answer for HS Final 2024
1. What was Franz expected to be prepared with for school that day?
Ans: Franz was expected to prepare a lesson on ‘participles’. His teacher M. Hamel had said that he would ask the students question on participles.
2. What did Franz notice that was unusual about the school that day?
Ans: Franz notice something unusual about the school that day. Usually, when school began, there was a great bustle that could be heard from the street. But that day, everything was as quiet as a Sunday morning. He was late but unlike other days M. Hamel did not scold him. He also saw some of the village people sitting at the back benches of the classroom.
3. What had been put up on the bulletin board that morning?
Ans: Every important news or public announcement was put up on the bulletin board. For the last two years, all their bad news had come from it. The news of the lost battles, the draft, the order of the commanding officer – all come out from the bulletin board. Franz wondered what could be the news that day.
4. What changes did the office order from Berlin cause in school that day?
Ans: The order from Berlin caused great dismay in the school that day. It upset all the students. M. Hamel was disappointed. It was their last lesson in French. From the next day, only German would be taught in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine. They would no more be able to learn the French language. For the first time, they realized the value of their mother tongue after it had been banished.
5. How did Franz’s feelings about M. Hamel and school change?
Ans: The order from Berlin made Franz spellbound. It aroused patriotic feelings in him. He suddenly developed a strong fascination for his own language and school. His books became his old friends now. He suddenly began to respect M. Hamel. He forgot all about M. Hamel’s ruler. He forgot how cranky Hamel was.
Understanding the text
1. The people in this story suddenly realize how precious their language is to them. What shows you this? Why does this happen?
Ans: Order had come from Berlin to teach only German in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine. That upset the natives of Alsace and Lorraine. They suddenly realized the value of their mother tongue. The feeling that they would have to learn a foreign language in place of their mother tongue aroused a sense of patriotism. The behavior of the teacher, the students, and the village people show this. This happened because of the German occupation of the Alsace and Lorraine area.
M. Hamel describes the France language as the most beautiful, the most logical language in the world. Even Franz grew emotional. That was their last French lesson. Franz felt sorry for he could learn it no more. He felt a great love towards M. Hamel and his native tongue.
2. Franz thinks, ‘Will they make them sing in German, even the pigeons? ” What could this mean?
Ans: The Germans had occupied the Alsace and Lorraine area of France. Orders were issued to teach only German in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine. M. Hamel, the teacher gave his last French lesson. In this context, Franz thought that the Germans might impose their language but they cannot take away the French language from the tongue of the people of Alsace and Lorraine. In this context, Franz made the above-quoted observation. Pigeons sing to their own tune and no one can teach them or force them to sing in a language other than their own.
Talking about the text
1. “When people are enslaved as long as they hold fast to their language it is as if they had the key to their prison.”Can you think of examples in history where the conquered people had their language taken away from them or had a language imposed on them?
Ans: In America and Australia the conquered races imposed their languages on the natives. English was imposed in North America and Australia. Spanish and Portuguese were imposed on the people of Latin American countries.
2. What happens to a linguistic minority in a state? How do you think they can keep their language alive? For example :
Punjabis in Bangalore
Tamilians in Mumbai
Kannadigas in Delhi
Gujratis in Kolkata.
Ans: A linguistic minority has to face a lot of hardship in a state. They have to speak in a language that is to them quite unfamiliar and different from their own. As a result, they face the problem of expression. Education is also imparted to them in a strange language that is not their own. As a result, it hinders their progress. Because it is proven that the mother tongue is the best medium to understand, learn, and express. The Punjabis in Bangalore, the Tamilians in Mumbai, the Kannadigas in Delhi, and the Gujratis in Kolkata have to face the problems of language. It is not an easy task to learn a different language. And so they will be like fish out of the water where they have to listen to a different language.
They can safeguard their languages by virtue of their love for them. They must hold fast to their mother tongue even in the most complex situation. They should try to keep their language alive through their culture and tradition.
3. Do you know what ‘linguistic chauvinism ‘ means?
Ans: Linguistic chauvinism means an absurdly extravagant pride in one’s language. Germany of Bismarck reflected that pride. German ‘Linguistic chauvinism was reflected when it imposed German on the French-speaking population of Alsace and Lorraine.
Working with words
1. English is a language that contains words from many other languages. This inclusiveness is one of the reasons, it is now a world language. For example Petite – France kindergarten – German
Capital – Latin. Democracy – Greek
Bazaar – Hindi
Find out the origin of the following words:
Tycoon, barbecue, zero, tulip, veranda, ski, logo, robot, trek, bandicoot
Tycoon. Japanese (taikum)
Barbecue. Spanish (barbacoa)
Robot. Czech (Robota)
Bandicoot. Telugu (pandikokku)
Veranda. Portuguese (veranda)
Zero. Arabic (cipher)
2. Notice the Underlined words in these sentences and tick the option that best explains their meaning.
a) What a thunderclap these words were to me.
b) Loud and clear.
c) Startling and unexpected.
d) Pleasant and welcome.
Ans :(b) Startling and unexpected.
(b) When a people are enslaved, as long as they hold fast to their language, it is as if they had the key to their language.”
a) Do not lose their language.
b) are attached to the language.
c) quickly learn the conqueror’s language.
Ans : (b) are attached to the language.
(c) Don’t go so fast, you will get to your school in plenty of time.
a) very late.
b) too early.
c) early enough.
Ans : (c) early enough
(d) I never saw him look so tall.
a) had grown physically taller.
b) seemed very confident.
c) stood on the chair.
Ans : (b) seemed very confident.
Read this sentence: M. Hamel had said that he would question us on participles. In the sentence above, the verb from ‘had said’ in the first part is used to indicate an ‘earlier past’. The whole story is narrated in the past tense. M. Hamel’s saying happened earlier than the event in this story. This form of the verb is called ‘past perfect ‘.Pick out five sentences from the story with this form of the verb and say why this form has been used.
1) For the last twenty years all our bad news had come from there………
2) I had counted on the commotion to get to my desk without being seen………
3) Hauser had brought an old primer……..
4) Not till then when I had got a little over my fright……
5) It was in honor of his last lesson that he had put on his fine Sunday clothes…..
When two events take place in the past, the event completed earlier than the other is expressed in the past perfect tense.
1. Write a notice for your school bulletin board. Your notice could be an announcement of a forthcoming event, a requirement to be fulfilled, or a rule to be followed.
XYZ school, Guwahati
10th May 2020
It is hereby notified that a debate competition is going to be held in our school on 12th May from 11 AM onwards. The topic of the debate is “wealth is better than learning” The students who want to take part are requested to submit their names to the secretary of debate. The submission of names after 10th May will not be entertained.
(Debate and symposium)
2. Write a paragraph of about 100 words arguing for or against having to study three languages at school.
Ans: At school, it is quite logical to teach three languages. One should learn one’s mother tongue. It is the backbone of any nation and it should be kept with us. The other languages may be a national language that helps to integrate a country by increasing understanding. There should also be a place for an international language. It helps the students to know the world where they are born, and grow up. Nowadays learning an international language is considered a positive point everywhere. In this age of globalization, we must adapt our students to the global environment. So, it is necessary to have knowledge of three languages. The study of three languages only complements and supplements one another.
3. Have you ever changed your opinion about someone or something that you had earlier liked or disliked? Narrate what led you to change your mind.
Ans: Yes, I had to change my opinion about my mathematics teacher. He was a strict and disciplined person. He made us practice mathematics so seriously that I felt annoyed at his method. He used to give us much advice not to fear the subject. Sometimes, he scolded the entire class for neglecting their subject. At first, it seemed to me that he wanted us to read mathematics only. He behaved as if we had no other subjects to study.
But now, I understand why he behaved in that way. Though he was rough to us there always was an undercurrent of love in his heart. I have also made out that to be good at mathematics we must work hard and every day, through his hard endeavor he wanted to remind us of this fact. Therefore, my heart is now full of respect for him.